August References

August References

"Sterile Instrument Packs: Handle With Care," by Kathryn Dix, page 24.

1. www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/showCFR.cfm? FR=880.6850

2. Gruendemann BJ, Mangum SS. Infection prevention in surgical settings. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co. 2001:252-253.

3. www.aorn.org/journal/2000/nov2kci.htm

4. www.aorn.org/journal/2002/aprci.htm

5. www.aorn.org/journal/2001/decci.htm

"Fomites' Role in Disease Transmission is Still Up for Debate," by Kelly M. Pyrek, page 30.

1. Weber DJ and Rutala WA. Environmental issues and nosocomial infections. In: Prevention and control of nosocomial infections. Wenzel, RP (ed). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins. 1997:491-514.

2. Rhame FS. The inanimate environment. In: Hospital infections. 3rd ed. Boston: Little, Brown, 1992:299-344.

3. Weber DJ, Rutala WA. Role of environmental contamination in the transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. May 1997. www.slackinc.com/general/iche/stor0597/edit.htm.

4. Noskin GA, Stosor V, Cooper I, Peterson LR. Recovery of vancomycin-resistant enterococci on fingertips and environmental surfaces. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1995;16:577-581.

5. Bonilla HF, Zervos MJ, Kauffman CA. Long-term survival of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium on a contaminated surface. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1996;17:770-771.

6. Boyce JM, Opal SM, Chow JW, et al. Outbreak of multidrug-resistant Enterococcus faecium with transferable vanB class vancomycin resistance. J Clin Microbiol. 1994;32:1148-1153.

7. Wilcox JH, Jones BL. Enterococci and hospital laundry. Lancet. 1995;345:594.

8. Rutala WA. Inanimate environment: the infection control practitioner as an environmentalist. From presentation at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Sept. 27-Oct. 1, 1999.

9. Weber DJ, Rutala, WA. Role of environmental contamination in the transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. May 1997. www.slackinc.com/general/iche/stor0597/edit.htm.

10. Bonten MJ, et al. Lancet. 1996:348:1615-1619.

11. Weber DJ, Rutala WA. Role of environmental contamination in the transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. May 1997. www.slackinc.com/general/iche/stor0597/edit.htm

12. Albert RK, Condie R. Handwashing patterns in medical intensive care units. N Engl J Med. 1981;304:1165-1166.

13. Rutala WA. Inanimate environment: the infection control practitioner as an environmentalist. From presentation at University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Sept. 27-Oct. 1, 1999.

14. Weber DJ, Rutala WA. Role of environmental contamination in the transmission of vancomycin-resistant enterococci. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. May 1997. www.slackinc.com/general/iche/stor0597/edit.htm.

15. Byers KE, Durbin LJ, Simonton BM, Anglim AM, Adal KA, Farr BM. Environmental contamination with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE). From the fifth annual meeting of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), April 1995; San Diego, Calif. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1995;16:P18. Abstract.

16. Maki DG, Alavarado CJ, Hassamer CA, et al. Relation of the inanimate hospital environment to endemic nosocomial infection. N Engl J Med. 1982;307-1562-1566.

17. American Hospital Association. Statement on microbiologic sampling in the hospital. Hospitals. 1974: 48:125-6.

18. Mallison GF, Haley RW. Microbiologic sampling of the inanimate environment in U.S. hospitals. 1976-1977. Am J Med. 1981; 70:941-6.

19. Maki DG, Alavarado CJ, Hassamer CA, et al. Relation of the inanimate hospital environment to endemic nosocomial infection. N Engl J Med. 1982;307-1562-1566.

20. Ibid.

21. Maki DG. Control of colonization and transmission of pathogenic bacteria in the hospital. Ann Intern Med. 1978; 89:777-80.

22. Singh D, et al. Bacterial contamination of hospital pagers. Infect Con Hosp Epidemiol. May 2002, pp. 274-276.

23. Mangi RJ, Andriole VT. Contaminated stethoscopes: a potential source of nosocomial infections.Yale J Biol Med. 1972: 45:600-604.

24. Bernard L, Kereveur A, Durand D, et al. Bacterial contamination of hospital physicians' stethoscopes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999: 20:626-628.

25. Marinella MA, Pierson C, Chenoweth C. The stethoscope: a potential source of nosocomial infection? Arch Intern Med. 1997:157:786-790.

26. Bernard L, Kereveur A, Durand D, et al. Bacterial contamination of hospital physicians' stethoscopes. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1999: 20:626-628.

27. Wong D, Nye K, Hollis P. Microbial flora on doctors' white coats. BMJ. 1991; 303:1602-1604.

"Preventing Infections in the Ambulatory Surgery Setting," by Kelly M. Pyrek, page 38.

1. Heroux DL. Ambulatory care. Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) guidelines. 83-1.

2. JAMA. 1991 May 8:265(8):2377-81.

3. Heroux DL. Ambulatory care. Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) guidelines 83-4.

4. Gruendemann BJ and Mangum SS. Infection Prevention in surgical settings. W.B. Saunders Co. 2001, p. 58.

5. Heroux DL. Ambulatory care. Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) guidelines. 83-2.

6. Ibid.

7. Heroux DL. Ambulatory care. Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) guidelines 83-3

8. Gruendemann BJ and Mangum SS. Infection Prevention in surgical settings. W.B. Saunders Co. 2001.

9. Heroux DL. Ambulatory care. Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) guidelines 83-2.

10. Gruendemann BJ and Mangum SS. Infection Prevention in surgical settings. W.B. Saunders Co. 2001, p. 58.

11. Gruendemann BJ and Mangum SS. Infection Prevention in surgical settings. W.B. Saunders Co. 2001, p. 57.

12. Heroux DL. Ambulatory care. Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) guidelines 83-2.

13. JCAHO, Infection control: meeting JCAHO standards, 1998

14. Heroux DL. Ambulatory care. Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC) guidelines, 83:11-12

Best Practices, by Nancy B. Bjerke, page 46.

1. Lynch T. Communicable Disease Nursing. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby, 1949.

2. Gage ND, Landon JF, Sider MT. Communicable Disease. Philadelphia, PA: FA Davis, 1959.

3. Lynch T. Communicable Disease Nursing. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby, 1949

4. Garner JS and CDC Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1996:17(1); 53-80.

5. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control. Isolation Techniques for use in Hospitals. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970.

6. U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control. 2nd ed. Isolation Techniques for use in Hospitals. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1975.

7. Garner JS, Simmons BP. Guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. Infect Control. 1983; 4: 245-325.

8. Centers for Disease Control. Recommendations for Prevention of HIV Transmission in Health-Care Settings. MMWR. 1987; 36 (suppl no.25).

9. Centers for Disease Control. Update: Universal Precautions for Prevention of Transmission of Human Immunodeficiency Virus, Hepatitis B Virus, and Other Bloodborne Pathogens in Healthcare Settings. MMWR. 1988:37(24); 377-382, 387-388.

10. Lynch P, Jackson MM, Cummings MJ, Stamm WE. Rethinking the role of isolation practices in the prevention of nosocomial infections. Ann Intern Med. 1987:107:243-246.

11. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. 29 CFR Part 1910.1030. Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens: Final Rule. December 6, 1999. Fed Reg. 56(235):64175-64182.

12. Garner JS and CDC HICPAC. Guideline for isolation precautions in hospitals. Am J Infect Control. 1996:24; 24-52.

13. Wells P. "Confine and contain" approach to OR cleanup. AORN J. 1977:25(1); 60-65.

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