March References

March References

"Follow Standard Precautions When Handling Soiled Linens," by Kelly M. Pyrek, page 12.

1. CDC. Recommendations for prevention of HIV transmission in healthcare settings MMWR 36(Supp 2S):35 1987.

2. Garner, J.S. and Favero, M.S. Guidelines for handwashing and hospital environmental control. Washington, DC. US Government Printing Office. 544-436(2441). 1985.

3. Mallinson, G.F. Central services and linens and laundry. In: Bennett, J.V., Hospital Infections, 2nd edition. Little Brown. Pp. 251-256. 1986.

4. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens; final rule. Federal Register 56(235):64004-64182. 1991.

5. Otero, R.B. Healthcare Textile Infection Control. National Association of Institutional Linen Management,

6. Williams, B. Linen Management, a Certified Laundry and Linen Management Course, NAILM publication. P. 7. 1998.

7. Maki, D.G., et al. Double-bagging of items from isolation is unnecessary as an infection control measure: a comparative study of surface contaminated with single and double bagging. Infection Control. 11:535-537. 1986.

8. McDonald, L.L. and Pugliese, G. In: Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control. Williams and Wilkins. P. 805-807. 1996.

9. CDC. Guidelines for laundry in healthcare facilities,

10. Christian, R.R.; Manchester, J.T. and Mellor, M.T. Bacteriological quality of fabrics washed at lower than standrad temperatures in a hospital laundry facility. Appl Microbiol. 1983:45:591-7.

11. Blaser, M.J.; Smith, P.F.; Cody, H.J.; Wang, W.L. and LaForce, F.M. Killing of fabric-associated bacteria in hospital laundry by low temperature washing. J Infect Dis. 1984:149:48-57.

12. Otero, R.B. Infection control manual for laundry and linen service. NAILM News. 60(3):27-30. 1999.

"Pre-op Prep Should Safeguard Skin Integrity," by Kelly M. Pyrek, page 16.

1. OR Manager. Sacred cow survey. Sept. 2000. Vol. 16, No. 8.

2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Infectious Diseases. Guideline for prevention of surgical site infection, 1999.

3. ibid.

4. Rawson, Dianne. Surgical prepping recommended practices.

5. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Infectious Diseases. Guideline for prevention of surgical site infection, 1999.

"Teamwork Resolves Wrapping Issues for OR and CS," by Mary Olivera, p. 22.

1-4 AAMI. Good hospital practice: steam sterilization and sterility assurance. Package configurations and preparation. ANSI/AAMI. ST 46-1998: 5.6.2, 5.6.2,1,,, 11-12.

5. Aesculap and Medline promotional literature

"Relaxing in Filth: What Your Whirlpool Tub May Be Hiding," by Kelli M. Donley, page 24.

1. Stackhouse, P. History of Ancient Roman Baths.

2. Class Action Certified Against Whirlpool Tub Maker Reports Malesovas & Martin. Nov. 15, 2001.

3. Moyes, RB. Microbial Loads in Whirlpool Bathtubs: An Emerging Health Risk. Abstract. August, 1999.

4. Recent Outbreaks of Legionnaires' Disease.

5. Korosec, T. Bugs in the Tubs. June 7, 2001.

6. Altman, LK. Customers Infected by Bacteria in Pedicure Bath. Austin-American Statesman. April 28, 2001.

7. Getting Nailed. June 8, 2001.

"Taking Cover: Single-use vs. Reusable Gowns and Drapes" By Barbara J Gruendemann, RN, MS, FAAN page 32.

1. AORN. Recommended practices for surgical attire. In Standards, Recommended Practices and Guidelines. pp. 175-179, Denver: Author, 2001.

2. AORN. Recommended practices for use and selection of barrier materials for surgical gowns and drapes. In Standards, Recommended Practices and Guidelines. pp. 233-235. Denver: Author, 2001.

3. Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI). American National Standard. ANSI/AAMI ST65:2000, Processing of reusable surgical textiles for use in health care facilities. Arlington, VA: Author, 2000.

4. Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation (AAMI) Technical Information Report (TIR), No. 11-1994. Arlington, VA: Author, 1994.

5. Best, B. The progress of the nonwovens industry in the Latin American medical market. Presentation at IDEA 01 Conference, Miami, March 29, 2001.

6. Blackburn, W.A. Single-use vs. reusable personal protection decisions involve more than pricing. Hospital Materials Management. pp. 1-2, July 1992.

7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). HIV/AIDS Surveillance Report, 9:15, 1997.

8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Update: Human immunodeficiency virus in health care workers exposed to blood of infected patients. MMWR. 36:285-288, 1987.

9. Demand for disposables to inch upward: Study. Healthcare Purchasing News. p. 23, September 1998.

10. Glen, J. The state of garbage in America. BioCycle. Part I, pp. 32-43, April 1998, and Part II, pp. 48-52, May 1998.

11. Granzow, J.W.; Smith, J.W.; Nichols, R.L.; Waterman, R.S. and Muzik, A.C. Evaluation of the protective value of hospital gowns against blood strike-through and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus penetration. Amer Journ of Infect Cont. 26(2):85-93, April 1998.

12. Gruendemann, B.J. Healthcare waste management-a template for action. Cary, NC:INDA, Association of the Nonwovens Fabrics Industry, 1999.

13. Hepatitis C concerns and nonwovens. International Nonwovens Journal. p. 42, Fall 2000.

14. Johnson & Johnson Medical teams with Columbia Healthcare System to produce significant cost savings through a hospital waste management program (press release). July 1996.

15. Laufman, H, Belkin, NL, and Meyer, KK. A critical review of a century's progress in surgical apparel: How far have we come? Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 19(5):554-568, November 2000.

16. Leonas, KK. Effect of laundering on the barrier properties of reusable surgical gown fabrics. Amer Journ of Infect Cont. 26(6):495-501, October 1998.

17. Leonas, K.K., and Jinkins, R.S. The relationship of selected fabric characteristics and the barrier effectiveness of surgical gown fabrics. Amer Journ of Infect Cont. 25(1):16-23, February 1997.

18. Mangram, A.J. and the Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC). Guideline for prevention of surgical site infection, 1999.Infection Control and Hosp Epidem. 20(4):247-278, April 1999.

19. Manz, E.A. and Edgar, B.L. Examining draping practices for cost-effectiveness. Surgical Services Management. 4:41-47, 1998.

20. McCullough, E.A. Methods for determining the barrier efficacy of surgical gowns. Amer Journal of Infect Cont. 21(6):368-374, December 1993.

21. McCullough, E.A., and Schoenberger, L.K. Liquid barrier properties of nine surgical gown fabrics. INDA JNR (Journal of Nonwovens Research), 3(3):14-20, 1991.

22. McDowell, J.W. An environmental, economic, and health comparison of single-use and reusable surgical drapes and gowns, a report of an independent study conducted by Arthur D. Little. Arlington, TX: Johnson & Johnson Medical Inc., 1993.

23. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens: final rule.Federal Register. 56(235):64175-64182, 1991.

24. Peace of mind. Rounds. 3M Health Care, 1992.

25. Rutala, W.A. and Weber, D.J. A review of single-use and reusable gowns and drapes in health care. Infect Control and Hosp Epidem. 22(4):248-257, April 2001.

26. Smith, J.W. and Nichols, R.L. Barrier efficiency of surgical gowns-are we really protected from our patients' pathogens? Archives of Surgery. 126:756-763, June 1991.

27. Warning. W.L. Gore & Associates, Inc., 1997.

"Wound Healing: Uneventful Process or Complex Medical Problem Requiring Specialized Treatment and Care?" by Michelle Gardner, page 38.

1. AORN Journal, Vol. 71, No. 4.

2. AAWM,

3. Sheff, B. Nursing98. March 1998.

4. Roxanne Leisky, MSN/MBA, FNP-BC, CWS, clinical director for Central Illinois District of Patient Support Solutions Inc. (interview)

Best Practices: "Preventing Infection in Intravascular Devices," by Chris Stanfield RN, BSN, page 46.

1. Mermel, L., et al Guidelines for the management of intravascular catheter-related infections. Journal of IV Nursing. (24)3. 2001. pp. 180-205.

2. Saint, Sanjay. Prevention of intravascular catheter-associated infections. 2001.     

3. Treston-Aurand, J., et al. Impact of dressing materials on central venous catheter related infection rates. Journal of IV Nursing (20)4. 1997. pp. 201-206.

4. Crow, S. Prevention of intravascular infections ways and means. Journal of IV Nursing. 19(4). 1996. pp. 175-181.

5. Heirholzer, W., et al. Guideline for prevention of intravascular device-related infections. Amer Journ of Infect Cont. (24) 1996. pp. 262-93.

6. Best Practice. Management of peripheral intravascular devices. Best Practice. (2)1, pp. 1-6.

7. Russell, B. Nosocomial infections. Amer Journ of Nurs. (99)6. 1999. pp. 24J-24P.

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