References October

References October

"Observing Standard Precautions in the OR," by Kathy Dix, page 20

1. AORN 2002 Standards, Recommended Practices, and Guidelines, 321-325.

"Infectious Reservoirs in the Physical Plant," by Kathy Dix, page 24

1. 08/28/02.

2. Tydell P. New patient safety standards: impact on infection control. 08/28/02.

3. Legionellosis position paper. 08/28/02.

4. www.engr.psu/edu/ae/wjk/wjkfungi.htm. 08/22/02.
. 08/21/02.

"Water: Is It a Breeding Ground for Bacteria in Your Facility?" by Susan Burns, BSMT, CIC, page 26

1. Emmerson A. "Emerging Waterborne Infections in Healthcare Settings." Emerg Infectious Dis. 2001 Mar-Apr.; 7(2).

2. Anaissie EJ, et al. Fusariosis associated with pathogenic fuarium species colonization of a hospital water system: a new paradigm for the epidemiology of opportunistic mold infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Dec 1;33(11):1871-8.

3. Anaissie EJ, et al. "Pathogenic Aspergillus species recovered from a hospital water system: a 3-year prospective study." Clin Infect Dis. 2002 Mar 15; 34(6):780-9.

4. Hoque SN, et al. Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) meningosepticum outbreak associated with colonization of water taps in a neonatal intensive care unit. J Hosp Infect. 2001 March; 47(3):188-92.

5. Ferroni A, et al. Outbreak of nosocomial urinary tract infections due to Pseudomonsa aeruginosa in a paediatric surgical unit associated with tap-water contamination. J Hosp Infect, August 1998; 39: 301-7.

6. Marchione M. Hospitals swap soap, water for gels. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. January 20, 2002.

7. Sniadack DH, et al. A nosocomial pseudo-outbreak of Mycobacterium xenopi due to a contaminated potable water supply: lessons in prevention. Infect Con Hosp Epidem. November 1993; 14: 636-41.

8. Rutala WA, Weber D J. "Water as a reservoir of nosocomial pathogens." Infect Con Hosp Epidem. September 1997; 18: 609-616.

9. D'Angelo EM. Fluid warmer leakage into the bloodstream: A case report. J Amer Assoc Nurse Anesthetists. December 1995.

10. Burns S. An investigation of surgical infections reveals a fluid warmer as a reservoir for bacteria. Amer J Infect Con (APIC). April 1999; 27(2): 216.

11. Rutala WA, Weber DJ. Water as a reservoir of nosocomial pathogens. Infect Con Hosp Epidem. 1997; 18:609-616.

12. Andersson BM, et al. Contamination or irrigation solutions in an operating theatre. Infection Control. July 1984; 7:339-41.

13. Baird RA, et al. Splash basin contamination in orthopaedic surgery. Clin Orthop. July-August 1984; 129-33.

14. Oie S, et al. Microbal contamination of water-soaked cotton gauze and its cause. Miscrobios. 2001; 104(409): 159-66.

15. Panwalker AP, Fuhse E. Nosocomial Mycobacterium gordonae psueudoinfection from contaminated ice machines. Infection Control. February 1986; 7: 67-70.

16. Buttery JP, et al. Mult-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa outbreak in a pediatric oncology ward related to colonized bath toys. Abstract J-173. Presented at the 37th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy. Sept 28-Oct. 1, 1997.

17. The battle against germs never ends. It only escalates. Akron Business Journal. Ohio via NewsEdge Corporation. Jan. 9, 1999.

18. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System Report. Data summary from January 1992-June 2001, Issued August 2001." Am J Infect Control. 2001:29;404-21.

19. Jarvis WR, et al. Prevention of nosocomial bloodstream infections: a national and international priority. Infect Con Hosp Epidem. 1996 May; 17(5).

20. Stout JE, Yu VL. Legionella in the hospital water supply: a plea for decision making based on evidence-based medicine. Infect Con Hosp Epidem. 2001 November; 22(11).

"Help the Surgical Team Sidestep Infection in the OR," by Sue Sebazco RN, BS, CIC, page 36

1. Mangram AJ. Guideline for the prevention of surgical site infection. 1999. AJIC. 1999;27:97-132.

2. Cruse P. Wound infection surveillance. Rev Infect Dis. 1981;4(3):734-7.

3. Cruse PJ, Foord R. The epidemiology of wound infection: a 10-year prospective study of 62,939 wounds. Surg Clin North Am. 1980;60(1):27-40.

4. Martone WJ et al. Incidence and nature of endemic and epidemic nosocomial infections. In: Bennett JV, Brachman PS, eds. Hospital Infections. 3rd ed. Boston: Little, Brown and Co; 1992. p. 577-96.

5. Zerr KJ et al. Glucose control lowers the risk of wound infections in diabetics after open heart operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997;63(2):356-61.

6. Terranova A. The effects of diabetes mellitus on wound healing. Plast Surg Nurs. 1991;11(1):20-5.

7. Perl T et al. Intranasal mupirocin to prevent postoperative Staphylocccus aureus infections. NEJM 2002;346:1871-7.

8. Nichols RL. Preventing surgical site infections: a surgeon's perspective. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001;7:2.

9. Gruendemann BJ, Mangum SS. Infection Prevention in Surgical Settings. WB Saunders. 2001.

10. White J, Fry D, Howard R. Surgical site. In: APIC Text of Infection Control and Epidmiology; 2000. p. 91-1-5.

"Taming Tetanus," by Kelli M. Donley, page 44

1. Tetanus and Diphtheria Vaccine (Td). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidelines.

2. United States Fund for UNICEF. Eliminating Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus.

"Revamping the Nursing Industry: A Congressional Attempt to Slow the Staffing Shortage," by Kelli M. Donley, page 50

1. Broder, DS. "The Nursing Bill: A Quiet Triumph." Aug. 7, 2002.

2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services Administration. Projected supply, demand and shortages of registered nurses: 2000-2002. http://bhpr.gob/healthworkforce/rnproject/report.htm.

3. ANA Hails Congressional Agreement on Nurse Reinvestment Act. July 17, 2002.

4. AACN Applauds the Swift Passage of the Nurse Reinvestment Act in Both the House and the Senate. July 23, 2002.

5. Media Alert. JCAHO audio conference. Aug. 7, 2002.

6. Final Congressional Action: House, Senate Pass Nurse Reinvestment Act; VA Nurse Bill cleared for President's Signature.

"Keeping Employees Healthy: The Far Reaching Effects of Occupational Health," by Patricia Tydell, MSN, BSN, MPH, page 55

1. Walters F. Safety by the numbers. Job Safety & Health Quarterly. Vol. 13, No. 2, Winter 2002.

2. Control of Smoke from Laser/Electro Surgical Procedures,

3. DHHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Control of smoke from laser/ electrosurgical procedures. Publication No. 96-128, September 1996.

4. Fleming S. Preventing Needlesticks. Job Safety & Health Quarterly.

Vol. 11, Summer 2001.

5. Cangemi CW. Occupational response to terrorism. AAOHN. Vol. 50, No. 4 April 2002.

6. Code of Federal Regulations, 2001, Section 0.85 August, 2001 28 CFR.

7. DHHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC personnel health guideline. June 1998.

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