References July

References July

"First Line of Defense: Cleaning Patient Rooms," by Kathryn Dix, page 16
1. Average Desk Harbors 400 Times More Bacteria Than Average Toilet Seat"
www.medicalnewsservice.com/
fullstory.cfm?storyID=899&fback=yes

2. Yale-New Haven Hospital Infection Control Manual
www.med.yale.edu/ynhh/infection/
precautions/housekeeping.html

3. University of Utah Linen and Environmental Services
www.med.utah.edu/
environmental/services.html

"Education in Electrosurgery Technology is Key for Patient Safety," by Kelly M. Pyrek, page 18
1. www.encision.com
2. Vilos, G. How to do electrosurgery safely. Outpatient Surgery Magazine. July 2000. www.outpatientsurgery.net.
3. ibid.
4. ibid.
5. www.richardwolf.com
6. Vilos, G. How to do electrosurgery safely. Outpatient Surgery Magazine. July 2000. www.outpatientsurgery.net.

"Sticking It to Us: Implementing Sharps-Safety Interventions," by Jenae Schlipman, page 30
1. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Frequently asked questions. http://www.osha.gov/
needlesticks/needlefaq.html

2. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). www.osha.gov
3. International Health Care Worker Safety Center. www.med.virginia.edu/
medcntr/centers/epinet

4. Heinrich, J. Occupational safety: cost and benefit implications of needlestick prevention devices for hospitals (GAO-01-60R). United States General Accounting Offices. Nov.17, 2000.
5. NIOSH Alert: preventing needlestick injuries in healthcare settings. DHHS (NIOSH) Publication 2000-108.

"Breaking the Chain of Infection," by Kelly M. Pyrek, page 46
1. University of Virginia Health System. Spread of infection. http://hsc.virginia.edu/medcntr/
infection-control/ICManual/icmsspreadinfxn.html

2. Wenzel RP. Handwashing. In: A Guide to Infection Control in the Hospital. 1998. B.C. Decker Inc. pp. 5-6.
3. City Colleges of Chicago. Chain of infection: diagram and explanation. http://faculty.ccc.edu/tr-infectioncontrol/chain.htm.
4. University of Virginia Health System. Spread of infection. http://hsc.virginia.edu/medcntr/
infection-control/ICManual/icmsspreadinfxn.html

5. Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology (APIC). Principles and Practice manual, p. 1-9.
6. University of Virginia Health System. Spread of infection. http://hsc.virginia.edu/medcntr/
infection-control/ICManual/icmsspreadinfxn.html
 
7. City Colleges of Chicago. Chain of infection: diagram and explanation. http://faculty.ccc.edu/tr-infectioncontrol/chain.htm.

"Disinfecting Those Digits is Critical to Good Handwashing," by Nancy B. Bjerke, BSN, RN, MPH, CIC, page 51
1. Rotter M. Hand washing and hand disinfection. In: Mayhall, CG, eds, Hospital Epidemiology and infection control. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 1999: 1339-1355.
2. Wen-Tsung Lo, Chih-Chien Wang, Mong-Ling Chu. A nursery outbreak of Staphylococcus aureus pyoderma originating from a nurse with paronychia. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2002;23:153-155.
3. Moolenaar RL et al. A prolonged outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in a neonatal intensive care unit: did staff fingernails play a role in disease transmission? Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2000;21:80-85.
4. Larson EL. APIC Guidelines for handwashing and hand antisepsis in health care settings. AJIC. 1995;23:251-269.
5. Arnold HL, Odom RB, James WD. Andrews' diseases of the skin. 8th ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1990:921-922; Scher RK, Daniel CR. Nails: therapy, diagnosis, surgery. Philadelphia: WB Saunders, 1990:220-222.
6. Larson EL. APIC Guidelines for handwashing and hand antisepsis in health care settings. AJIC. 1995;23:251-269.
7. Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens: Final Rule. Fed Reg 29 CFR Part 1910.1030. Dec 6, 1991.
8. Food and Drug Administration. 21 CFR Parts 333 and 369. Tentative Final Monograph for Healthcare Antiseptic Drug Products; Proposed Rule. Fed Reg 1994;59:31442.
9. Larson EL. APIC Guidelines for handwashing and hand antisepsis in healthcare settings. AJIC. 1995;23:251-269.
10. Association for periOperative Registered Nurses. 2002 Standards, Recommended Practices, and Guidelines. Recommended Practices for Surgical Hand Scrubs. Denver: AORN, Inc., 2002:255-260.
11. Larson EL. APIC Guidelines for handwashing and hand antisepsis in health care settings. AJIC. 1995;23:251-269.
12. The American Institute of Architects Academy of Architecture for Health. Guidelines for Design and Construction of Hospital and Health Care Facilities. 2001 ed. Washington, DC: AIA, 2001.
13. Boyce JM et al. Draft Guideline for Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings. 2001.

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