Study of Clostridium difficile Infection Attempts to Reveal True Incidence of Disease

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The EUropean, multi-center, prospective bi-annual point prevalence study of CLostridium difficile Infection in hospitalized patients with Diarrhea (EUCLID), the largest study of the prevalence of CDI ever conducted in Europe, has been launched. For the first time experts will get a clear picture of the true incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), a significant cause of morbidity and mortality, and a condition that is thought to be widely underestimated.

CDI is the leading cause of infectious diarrhoea in industrialized countries and is estimated to kill 1 in 50 patients affected. CDI represents a huge economic burden, as patients who develop CDI stay in hospital an extra one to three weeks, at additional costs compared to those without CDI. The incidence and severity of CDI continues to increase. The most recent large-scale prevalence study was carried out in Spain in 2008 and looked at the number of CDI cases within the general population at a certain time. Results revealed that two-thirds of cases of CDI were either not picked up or were misdiagnosed within the hospital due to low clinical awareness of CDI.

The EUCLID study, which involves 20 European countries and approximately 500 hospitals, aims to identify the underlying incidence of CDI in hospitalised patients with diarrhoea and highlight the extent of under-testing and under-diagnosis per country. The study was initiated and sponsored by Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd and endorsed by the European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases study group for Clostridium difficile (ESGCD).

"This study represents an important step forward in understanding the true incidence of CDI and will provide us with much needed information about the epidemiology of a debilitating disease in Europe, " says Dr Ed Kuijper, chairman of the ESCMID study group for Clostridium difficile.

The EUCLID study will be coordinated out of University of Leeds and Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, UK, under Professor Mark Wilcox, with support from the EUCLID Core Group. The study is funded by Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd. In each of the participating 20 countries, hospitals will submit samples of all un-formed faeces received on a specified day to a national coordinating laboratory where they will be tested for CDI using a standardised protocol. The sampling will be performed at two different time points in the year to reflect seasonal variations in CDI which peaks during the winter months.[12] Data will also be collected on any diagnostic CDI test(s) requested within the hospital for each sample submitted and if so, the test used and the result. These data, along with reported CDI rates from the previous year, will be used to calculate the level of under-recognition and under-diagnosis.

A full report and analysis of the findings will be published at the end of the EUCLID study which is anticipated in mid-2013.

Source: Astellas Pharma Europe Ltd.

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