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Human Microbiome

  • Antibiotics Weaken Alzheimer's Disease Progression Through Changes in the Gut Microbiome
    Long-term treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics decreased levels of amyloid plaques, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease, and activated inflammatory microglial cells in the brains of mice in a new study by neuroscientists from the University of Chicago. The study, ...More
    5 days ago Posted in News
  • Cycle of Inflammation and Microbiome Disruption May Play Key Role in Sepsis
    No one knows for sure how they got there, but the discovery that bacteria that normally live in the gut can be detected in the lungs of critically ill people and animals could mean a lot for intensive care patients. Today, scientists are reporting that they found gut ...More
    2 weeks ago Posted in News
  • A New Tool for Forecasting the Behavior of the Microbiome
    A team of investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the University of Massachusetts have developed a suite of computer algorithms that can accurately predict the behavior of the microbiome - the vast collection of microbes living on and inside the human body. In a ...More
    5 weeks ago Posted in News
  • Childhood Antibiotic Treatments Reduce Diversity and Stability of Intestinal Microbiota
    The DIABIMMUNE project followed the development of 39 Finnish infants from birth to the age of 3. Half of the children received nine to 15 antibiotic treatments during the research period, and the other half did not receive any such treatments. Stool samples were collected ...More
    June 22, 2016 Posted in News
  • Microbiota Affect the Rate of Transplant Acceptance and Rejection
    Researchers from the University of Chicago have shown that microbiota—the bacteria, viruses and other microbes living on the skin and in the digestive system—play an important role in the body’s ability to accept transplanted skin and other organs. ...More
    June 21, 2016 Posted in News
  • Common Antimicrobial Agent Rapidly Disrupts Gut Bacteria
    A new study suggests that triclosan, an antimicrobial and antifungal agent found in many consumer products ranging from hand soaps to toys and even toothpaste, can rapidly disrupt bacterial communities found in the gut. The research was published today in PLOS ONE by ...More
    May 18, 2016 Posted in News
  • Targeted Antibiotic is Easier on the Gut Microbiome
    A targeted antibiotic designed for treatment of staph infections caused fewer changes to the gut microbiome of mice than did common broad-spectrum antibiotics. St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists led the study, which provides the first evidence that a ...More
    May 9, 2016 Posted in News
  • Gut Microbiomes of Infants Have an Impact on Autoimmunity
    Exposure to pathogens early in life is beneficial to the education and development of the human immune system. Over the past few decades, the healthcare community has observed an intriguing phenomenon: diseases related to the immune system -- type 1 diabetes, and other ...More
    April 29, 2016 Posted in News
  • Pancreatic Cancer Risk Tied to Specific Mouth Bacteria
    The presence of certain bacteria in the mouth may reveal increased risk for pancreatic cancer and enable earlier, more precise treatment. This is the main finding of a study led by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center and its Laura and Isaac Perlmutter Cancer Center to ...More
    April 19, 2016 Posted in News
  • Bacterial Brawls Mark Life in the Gut's Microbiome
    Bacterially speaking, it gets very crowded in the human gut, with trillions of cells jostling for a position to carry out a host of specialized and often crucial tasks. A new Yale study, published the week of March 7 in the journal of the Proceedings of the National Academy ...More
    March 8, 2016 Posted in News
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