Immune Response

  • UC Davis Researchers Discover How HIV Turns Food Poisoning into Lethal Infection
    SACRAMENTO, Calif. -- Nearly half of all HIV-positive African adults who become infected with Salmonella die from what otherwise would be a seven-day bout of diarrhea. Now, UC Davis School of Medicine scientists have discovered how salmonella becomes lethal for AIDS ...More
    March 24, 2008 Posted in News
  • Nanoemulsion Vaccines Show Increasing Promise
    A novel technique for vaccinating against a variety of infectious diseases – using an oil-based emulsion placed in the nose, rather than needles – has proved able to produce a strong immune response against smallpox and HIV in two new studies. The results build on previous ...More
    February 26, 2008 Posted in News
  • Immune System Protein Starves Staph Bacteria
    One of the ways we defend ourselves against bacterial foes is to “hide” their food, particularly the metals they crave. A multi-disciplinary team led by Vanderbilt University investigators has now discovered that a protein inside certain immune system cells blocks the ...More
    February 19, 2008 Posted in News
  • Protein in Tick Saliva Prevents HIV-1 from Attaching to T Cells
    The HIV-1 virus cripples the human immune system by targeting white blood cells called T cells that form the body’s first line of defense in fighting infections. A recent study by researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst shows that a protein found in the ...More
    February 15, 2008 Posted in News
  • New Approach May Render Disease-Causing Staph Harmless
    A multi-institution collaboration between U.S. and Taiwanese scientists, including researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) School of Medicine and the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, has uncovered a completely new treatment ...More
    February 14, 2008 Posted in News
  • Gene Chips Used to Distinguish Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia from Underlying Critical Illness
    Critically ill patients who need a ventilator to breathe face a high risk of pneumonia. The lung infection, however, is exceedingly difficult to diagnose because a patient's underlying condition often skews laboratory test results and masks pneumonia's symptoms – a reality ...More
    February 13, 2008 Posted in News
  • Researchers Discover New Battleground for Viruses and Immune Cells
    Vaccines have led to many of the world's greatest public health triumphs, but many deadly viruses, such as HIV, still elude the best efforts of scientists to develop effective vaccines against them. An improved understanding of how the immune system operates during a viral ...More
    February 5, 2008 Posted in News
  • Poxvirus Potency Uncovered in New Atomic Map
    Scientists at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and Saint Louis University have used X-ray crystallography to uncover new details about the infectious potency of poxviruses, furthering the understanding of how one protein in viral infections can subvert the ...More
    February 4, 2008 Posted in News
  • Researchers Find Cell Protein That Nips HIV in the Bud
    UCLA researchers have found that a key protein in the body's dendritic cells can stop the virus that causes AIDS from "budding" — part of the virus' life cycle that is crucial to its ability to replicate and infect other cells. The study is scheduled for publication in the ...More
    January 14, 2008 Posted in News
  • Seeking Clues to How Tuberculosis Infects Cells
    Cornell researchers are using advanced genetic techniques to better understand the relationship between the bacteria that cause tuberculosis and the human immune system defense cells that engulf them. The researchers have discovered that unlike many bacterial pathogens, ...More
    December 31, 2007 Posted in News