Immune Response


  • Long-Ignored Enzyme is Key to Killing Infectious Bacteria
    New research shows that an enzyme that has long been considered relatively useless to the immune response instead has an important role in setting up immune cells to kill infection-causing bacteria. Ohio State University scientists have determined that this enzyme, called ...More
    June 11, 2012 Posted in News
  • Immune Cells in the Gut May Improve Control of HIV Growth
    The findings of a new study in monkeys may help clarify why some people infected with HIV are better able to control the virus. They also may pinpoint a target for treatment during early HIV infection aimed at increasing the supply of certain immune cells in the gut, which ...More
    June 11, 2012 Posted in News
  • Babies' Susceptibility to Colds Linked to Immune Response at Birth
    Innate differences in immunity can be detected at birth, according to new research at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. And babies with a better innate response to viruses have fewer respiratory illnesses in the first year of life. “Viral respiratory ...More
    May 17, 2012 Posted in News
  • Scientists Discover Switch to Boost Antiviral Response to Fight Infectious Diseases
    Singapore scientists from Bioprocessing Technology Institute (BTI) under the Agency of Science, Technology and Research have, for the first time, identified the molecular ‘switch’ that directly triggers the body’s first line of defense against pathogens, more accurately ...More
    May 11, 2012 Posted in News
  • Biosignatures Distinguish Between Tuberculosis and Sarcoidosis
    The human immune system in action. This colored scanning electron microscope image shows a white blood cell (dyed red) in the act of destroying tuberculosis bacteria (yellow). The bacteria are surrounded by the cell membrane of the scavenger cell, then drawn inside and ...More
    May 7, 2012 Posted in News
  • Studies Reveal How Cells Distinguish Between Disease-Causing and Innocuous Invaders
    The specific mechanisms by which humans and other animals are able to discriminate between disease-causing microbes and innocuous ones in order to rapidly respond to infections have long been a mystery to scientists. But a study conducted on roundworms by biologists at UC ...More
    April 12, 2012 Posted in News
  • Rare Immune Cells Could Hold Key to Treating Immune Disorders
    The characterization of a rare immune cell’s involvement in antibody production and ability to ‘remember’ infectious agents could help to improve vaccination and lead to new treatments for immune disorders, say researchers from the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute. ...More
    April 2, 2012 Posted in News
  • HIV 'Superinfection' Boosts Immune Response
    Women who have been infected by two different strains of HIV from two different sexual partners – a condition known as HIV superinfection – have more potent antibody responses that block the replication of the virus compared to women who’ve only been infected once. These ...More
    March 29, 2012 Posted in News
  • Why Getting Healthy Can Seem Worse Than Getting Sick
    A new article in the Quarterly Review of Biology helps explain why the immune system often makes us worse while trying to make us well. The research offers a new perspective on a component of the immune system known as the acute-phase response, a series of systemic changes ...More
    March 20, 2012 Posted in News
  • Study Uncovers How Salmonella Avoids the Body's Immune Response
    UC Irvine researchers have discovered how salmonella, a bacterium found in contaminated raw foods that causes major gastrointestinal distress in humans, thrives in the digestive tract despite the immune system’s best efforts to destroy it. Their findings help explain why ...More
    March 14, 2012 Posted in News