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Immune System

  • How Tumor Necrosis Factor Protects Against Infection
    Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a messenger substance in the immune system, plays an important role in triggering chronic inflammatory diseases. For this reason, TNF inhibitors are a standard form of treatment for patients with rheumatoid arthritis and certain inflammatory ...More
    July 11, 2016 Posted in News
  • Study Shows How Genes Affect Immunity in Response to Pathogens
    A study that is first in its kind and published in Nature Medicine today has looked at how far genetic factors control the immune cell response to pathogens in healthy individuals. A team investigated the response of immune cells from 200 healthy volunteers when stimulated ...More
    July 5, 2016 Posted in News
  • Key Difference in Immune Cells May Explain Children's Increased Susceptibility to Illness
    Schools are commonly known as breeding grounds for viruses and bacteria, but this may not necessarily be linked to hygiene. New research in mice shows that because their immune systems do not operate at the same efficiency as adults, children may not only be more likely to ...More
    July 3, 2016 Posted in News
  • Strengthening Immune Defense May Be Solution for Treating Tuberculosis
    Researchers at Linköping University have made a discovery that could contribute to developing new vaccines and treatment alternatives for tuberculosis in the future. The results have been published in Scientific Reports. Eight million people suffer from -- and 2 ...More
    June 27, 2016 Posted in News
  • Super-Resolution Microscopy Reveals Unprecedented Detail of Immune Cells' Surface
    When the body is fighting an invading pathogen, white blood cells--including T cells--must respond. Now, Salk Institute researchers have imaged how vital receptors on the surface of T cells bundle together when activated. This study, the first to visualize this process in ...More
    June 16, 2016 Posted in News
  • Immune Cells in the Lung Keep Legionella at Bay
    Immunologists and microbiologists from the University of Melbourne's Bio21 Molecular Science and Biotechnology Institute and the Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity -- a joint venture between the University of Melbourne and Royal Melbourne Hospital -- have ...More
    June 16, 2016 Posted in News
  • Flu-Like Symptoms in Pregnant Women Could Affect Babies
    Babies born to mothers whose immune systems had to grapple with a viral assault -- even a mild one -- have increased risk of brain and central nervous system abnormalities, according to a new study. A USC-led team of researchers examined how the immune systems of pregnant ...More
    June 1, 2016 Posted in News
  • Novel Role for Spleen B Cells in Inflammatory Response to Bacterial Toxins
    The inability to adequately respond to infection can cause a whole-body state of inflammation known as sepsis. This can eventually lead to systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and even death. White blood cells known as B lymphocytes (B cells) produce antibodies ...More
    May 9, 2016 Posted in News
  • Scientists Discover Molecular Mechanism for Generating Specific Antibody Responses
    Follicular helper T cells (Tfh cells), a rare type of T cells, are indispensable for the maturation of antibody-producing B cells. They promote the proliferation of B cells that produce highly selective antibodies against invading pathogens while weeding out those that ...More
    May 2, 2016 Posted in News
  • Gut Microbiomes of Infants Have an Impact on Autoimmunity
    Exposure to pathogens early in life is beneficial to the education and development of the human immune system. Over the past few decades, the healthcare community has observed an intriguing phenomenon: diseases related to the immune system -- type 1 diabetes, and other ...More
    April 29, 2016 Posted in News