Researchers hope Proteus could help prevent bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics. Courtesy of University of Edinburgh
A new imaging tool that rapidly diagnoses bacterial lung infections could help prevent unnecessary use of antibiotics in intensive care units. The bedside technology can detect whether harmful bacteria are present within 60 seconds, so that patients can be treated with the right medicine quickly.
Accurate diagnosis means unnecessary use of antibiotics can be avoided if an infection is not present, helping to stop the emergence of bacteria that are resistant to the medicines, experts say.
Further development of the technology has received £2million from Wellcome Trust and will receive up to £0.9m (U.S. $1.12m) from CARB-X, a major international initiative to tackle antibiotic resistance co-funded by the U.S. government and Wellcome.
Proteus uses chemicals that light up when they attach to specific types of bacterial infection. This fluorescence is detected using fiber-optic tubes that are small enough to be threaded deep inside patients’ lungs. The technology easily reaches parts of the lungs existing tools cannot, the team says.
The approach could revolutionize the way critically ill patients – and others with long-term lung conditions – are assessed and treated. It could also aid understanding of bacterial diseases.
Researchers are initially focused on helping patients with lung infections and intensive care patients with suspected pneumonia who are being ventilated to help them breathe.
Around 20 million patients in intensive care need machines to help them breathe each year. Up to one-third of these patients are suspected as having serious lung infections during their time in intensive care. Doctors currently rely on X-rays and blood tests for diagnosis, but these can be slow and imprecise.
Patients are often treated with antibiotics as a precaution, which exposes them to potential side effects. Experts say that a blanket approach to therapy contributes to the emergence of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics.
The interdisciplinary collaboration – called Proteus – is led by researchers at the Universities of Edinburgh and Bath and Heriot-Watt University.
It has been supported by the UK’s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council with additional support from the Wellcome Trust and Medical Research Council.
CARB-X is the world’s largest public-private partnership devoted to antibacterial preclinical research and development. It will spend $450 million from 2017-2021 to support innovative products moving towards human clinical trials.
The partnership is funded by the U.S. government and the Wellcome Trust. It is led by Boston University School of Law. Other partners include the Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, MassBio, the California Life Sciences Institute and RTI International.
Source: University of Edinburgh