A new expert guidance document for hospitals to use in preparing for and containing outbreaks was published today by the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA), with the support of the Centers for Disease Control and Preven
A new Canadian guideline outlines how new biomedical strategies to prevent HIV infection can best be used in high-risk populations both before and after exposure to the virus.
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Infections with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are increasingly being reported from patients in healthcare settings. They are associated with high patient morbidity, attributable mortality and hospital costs.
New culture-independent tests are much more sensitive than traditional diagnostic methods in detecting the cause of infectious diarrhea, a significant problem that leads to nearly 500,000 hospitalizations and more than 5,000 deaths in the
Yale University School of Medicine neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) significantly reduced the number of cases of late-onset sepsis, a leading cause of death among pre-term infants, by implementing guidelines designed to eliminate overu
The World Health Organization (WHO) Guidelines on Ethical Issues in Public Health Surveillance is the first international framework
According to a new guideline released by the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and American Association of Hip and Knee Surgeons (AAHKS), the risk of joint infection resulting from total hip and knee replacements can be reduced with
The healthcare landscape is, of course, very different today than it was 40 years ago, when a landmark study first called for the involvement of an individual tasked with paying attention to infections in the hospital environment. As Dhar, et al. (2016) observe, "Infection prevention programs (IPP), now a standard in healthcare, saw their inception in the1970s and 1980s after studies (such as the CDC’s Study on the Efficacy of Nosocomial Infection Control [SENIC]) showed a 32 percent reduction in HAIs in hospitals with established programs compared with the 18 percent increases in infection in hospitals without." In the ensuing years, the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance System for voluntary reporting of surveillance data was created, the Joint Commission has introduced accreditation into the picture, and, as Dhar, et al. (2016) point out, "Since this time, there have been several groups that have had direct influence on the development of IPP ranging from professional societies, government agencies, nonprofit organizations, and payors. This complex landscape for infection prevention has led to the development of quality initiatives, legislative reforms, shifts in payment for HAIs, and an increased demand for transparency through public reporting of HAI data."
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)'s HICPAC has published its Guideline for the Prevention of Surgical Site Infection, 2017, in the journal JAMA Surgery.