Transmission Prevention

Reusables, Disposables Each Play a Role in Preventing Cross-Contamination

April 19, 2016

Healthcare institutions face the question of whether to use disposable or reusable medical devices. Although in certain situations one category is clearly a better choice than the other, choosing between disposable products and reusable devices is more frequently a difficult and unclear decision. Both devices are characterized by compelling pros and cons that may force healthcare facilities into a complex and multi-faceted decision-making process.

Coordinated Response Could Reduce Spread of Emerging Superbug in Healthcare Facilities

April 12, 2016

A simulation of how the so-called superbug carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) might spread among healthcare facilities found that coordinated efforts prevented more than 75 percent of the often-severe infections that would have otherwise occurred over a five-year period. The study was led by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and published last month in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

Regulation Update: Two Pharmacy Rules to Prevent Drug Contamination in 2016

March 24, 2016

Since the passage of the Affordable Care Act, the healthcare industry has introduced a number of regulatory changes to improve patient care. In the past year, following a string of deadly compounding errors, such as a New England meningitis outbreak that resulted in 64 patient deaths, many such changes have focused on standardized guidelines for handling, preparing, and storing drugs in a hospital environment. Two rules in particular, USP <797> and USP <800>, published by the U.S. Pharmacopeial Convention (USP), focus on preventing contamination and will require the attention of patient safety experts in 2016.

Identifying Infectious Threats Before They Spread

March 23, 2016

If an infectious disease outbreak or an attack using an agent such as anthrax were to occur in Chicago, it most likely first will be noticed in emergency rooms throughout the city.

Cholera-like Disease is 'Piggybacking' on El Nino to Reach New Shores

March 2, 2016

New research just published has highlighted how El Niño could be transporting and spreading waterborne diseases like cholera thousands of miles, across oceans, with significant impacts for public health. The study, published in the journal Nature Microbiology from a team of international researchers in the UK and U.S., explores how the arrival of new and devastating Vibrio diseases in Latin America has concurred in both time and space with significant El Niño events.