References October

October 1, 2002

References October

"Observing Standard Precautions in the OR," by Kathy Dix, page

1. AORN 2002 Standards, Recommended Practices, and Guidelines, 321-325.

"Infectious Reservoirs in the Physical Plant," by Kathy Dix,
page 24


2. Tydell P. New patient safety standards: impact on infection control.

3. Legionellosis position paper.

4. www.engr.psu/edu/ae/wjk/wjkfungi.htm.

"Water: Is It a Breeding Ground for Bacteria in Your Facility?"
by Susan Burns, BSMT, CIC, page 26

1. Emmerson A. "Emerging Waterborne Infections in Healthcare
Settings." Emerg Infectious Dis. 2001 Mar-Apr.; 7(2).

2. Anaissie EJ, et al. Fusariosis associated with pathogenic fuarium species
colonization of a hospital water system: a new paradigm for the epidemiology of
opportunistic mold infections. Clin Infect Dis. 2001 Dec 1;33(11):1871-8.

3. Anaissie EJ, et al. "Pathogenic Aspergillus species recovered from a
hospital water system: a 3-year prospective study." Clin Infect Dis. 2002
Mar 15; 34(6):780-9.

4. Hoque SN, et al. Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) meningosepticum
outbreak associated with colonization of water taps in a neonatal intensive care
unit. J Hosp Infect. 2001 March; 47(3):188-92.

5. Ferroni A, et al. Outbreak of nosocomial urinary tract infections due to
Pseudomonsa aeruginosa in a paediatric surgical unit associated with tap-water
contamination. J Hosp Infect, August 1998; 39: 301-7.

6. Marchione M. Hospitals swap soap, water for gels. Milwaukee Journal
Sentinel. January 20, 2002.

7. Sniadack DH, et al. A nosocomial pseudo-outbreak of Mycobacterium xenopi
due to a contaminated potable water supply: lessons in prevention. Infect Con
Hosp Epidem. November 1993; 14: 636-41.

8. Rutala WA, Weber D J. "Water as a reservoir of nosocomial
pathogens." Infect Con Hosp Epidem. September 1997; 18: 609-616.

9. D'Angelo EM. Fluid warmer leakage into the bloodstream: A case report. J
Amer Assoc Nurse Anesthetists. December 1995.

10. Burns S. An investigation of surgical infections reveals a fluid warmer
as a reservoir for bacteria. Amer J Infect Con (APIC). April 1999; 27(2): 216.

11. Rutala WA, Weber DJ. Water as a reservoir of nosocomial pathogens. Infect
Con Hosp Epidem. 1997; 18:609-616.

12. Andersson BM, et al. Contamination or irrigation solutions in an
operating theatre. Infection Control. July 1984; 7:339-41.

13. Baird RA, et al. Splash basin contamination in orthopaedic surgery. Clin
Orthop. July-August 1984; 129-33.

14. Oie S, et al. Microbal contamination of water-soaked cotton gauze and its
cause. Miscrobios. 2001; 104(409): 159-66.

15. Panwalker AP, Fuhse E. Nosocomial Mycobacterium gordonae psueudoinfection
from contaminated ice machines. Infection Control. February 1986; 7: 67-70.

16. Buttery JP, et al. Mult-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa outbreak in a
pediatric oncology ward related to colonized bath toys. Abstract J-173.
Presented at the 37th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and
Chemotherapy. Sept 28-Oct. 1, 1997.

17. The battle against germs never ends. It only escalates. Akron Business
Journal. Ohio via NewsEdge Corporation. Jan. 9, 1999.

18. National Nosocomial Infections Surveillance System Report. Data summary
from January 1992-June 2001, Issued August 2001." Am J Infect Control.

19. Jarvis WR, et al. Prevention of nosocomial bloodstream infections: a
national and international priority. Infect Con Hosp Epidem. 1996 May; 17(5).

20. Stout JE, Yu VL. Legionella in the hospital water supply: a plea for
decision making based on evidence-based medicine. Infect Con Hosp Epidem. 2001
November; 22(11).

"Help the Surgical Team Sidestep Infection in the OR," by Sue
Sebazco RN, BS, CIC, page 36

1. Mangram AJ. Guideline for the prevention of surgical site infection. 1999.
AJIC. 1999;27:97-132.

2. Cruse P. Wound infection surveillance. Rev Infect Dis. 1981;4(3):734-7.

3. Cruse PJ, Foord R. The epidemiology of wound infection: a 10-year
prospective study of 62,939 wounds. Surg Clin North Am. 1980;60(1):27-40.

4. Martone WJ et al. Incidence and nature of endemic and epidemic nosocomial
infections. In: Bennett JV, Brachman PS, eds. Hospital Infections. 3rd ed.
Boston: Little, Brown and Co; 1992. p. 577-96.

5. Zerr KJ et al. Glucose control lowers the risk of wound infections in
diabetics after open heart operations. Ann Thorac Surg. 1997;63(2):356-61.

6. Terranova A. The effects of diabetes mellitus on wound healing. Plast Surg
Nurs. 1991;11(1):20-5.

7. Perl T et al. Intranasal mupirocin to prevent postoperative Staphylocccus
aureus infections. NEJM 2002;346:1871-7.

8. Nichols RL. Preventing surgical site infections: a surgeon's perspective.
Emerg Infect Dis. 2001;7:2.

9. Gruendemann BJ, Mangum SS. Infection Prevention in Surgical Settings. WB
Saunders. 2001.

10. White J, Fry D, Howard R. Surgical site. In: APIC Text of Infection
Control and Epidmiology; 2000. p. 91-1-5.

"Taming Tetanus," by Kelli M. Donley, page 44

1. Tetanus and Diphtheria Vaccine (Td). Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention guidelines.

2. United States Fund for UNICEF. Eliminating Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus.

"Revamping the Nursing Industry: A Congressional Attempt to Slow the
Staffing Shortage," by Kelli M. Donley, page 50

1. Broder, DS. "The Nursing Bill: A Quiet Triumph."
Aug. 7, 2002.

2. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Health Resources and Services
Administration. Projected supply, demand and shortages of registered nurses:
2000-2002. http://bhpr.gob/healthworkforce/rnproject/report.htm.

3. ANA Hails Congressional Agreement on Nurse Reinvestment Act. July 17,

4. AACN Applauds the Swift Passage of the Nurse Reinvestment Act in Both the
House and the Senate. July 23, 2002.

5. Media Alert. JCAHO audio conference. Aug. 7, 2002.

6. Final Congressional Action: House, Senate Pass Nurse Reinvestment Act; VA
Nurse Bill cleared for President's Signature.

"Keeping Employees Healthy: The Far Reaching Effects of Occupational
Health," by Patricia Tydell, MSN, BSN, MPH, page 55

1. Walters F. Safety by the numbers. Job Safety & Health Quarterly. Vol.
13, No. 2, Winter 2002.

2. Control of Smoke from Laser/Electro Surgical Procedures,

3. DHHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Control of smoke from
laser/ electrosurgical procedures. Publication No. 96-128, September 1996.

4. Fleming S. Preventing Needlesticks. Job Safety & Health Quarterly.

Vol. 11, Summer 2001.

5. Cangemi CW. Occupational response to terrorism. AAOHN. Vol. 50, No. 4
April 2002.

6. Code of Federal Regulations, 2001, Section 0.85 August, 2001 28 CFR.

7. DHHS, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. CDC personnel health
guideline. June 1998.