HARRISBURG, Pa. -- Health Secretary Dr. Calvin B.
Johnson today reminded Pennsylvanians that June 27, 2004 is National HIV Testing Day
and urged those who are at risk for HIV to get tested at any of the state's
free and confidential testing and counseling sites.
"It is imperative for those who are at risk of getting HIV to be tested,"
said Johnson. "With early detection of HIV, people can receive effective
treatment, support and counseling if needed."
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that between
850,000 and 900,000 Americans are infected with HIV. Of this number, an
estimated 180,000 to 280,000 Americans do not know they are infected and may
continue to engage in behavior that could jeopardize their health and the
health of others.
People who have unprotected sex or share needles, are considered to be at
high risk. New infections continue to be disproportionate in the African
American and Latino communities. Nationally, people under the age of 25
account for one out of every four new infections. In Pennsylvania, an
increase in risky sexual activity among young gay and bisexual men in some
communities has resulted in an increase in both HIV and syphilis.
-- Almost 30,000 adults have been diagnosed with AIDS since 1980. Forty
eight percent of them have died.
-- Men having sex with men account for 40 percent of all known AIDS
-- The 2002 AIDS incidence rate for African Americans is 18 times higher
than the rate for Caucasians (68.7 compared to 3.8). The Hispanic
rate (43.9) was almost 12 times higher.
-- The 2002 age-adjusted HIV death rate for African American men was
nearly 13 times that of Caucasian men in Pennsylvania (38.1 vs. 2.9).
-- HIV was one of the top 10 leading causes of death for African
Americans and Hispanics.
-- Thirty-four percent of all known AIDS cases result from using injected
Agencies throughout Pennsylvania offer free, voluntary, confidential and
anonymous HIV counseling and testing. People needing to be counseled about
and tested for HIV should call the Department of Health's AIDS Factline at
(800) 662-6080 for the nearest test site. Information is also available at
Source: Pennsylvania Department of Health