"Who Wants to Be a Microbiologist?" by Kelli M. Donley, page 16.
1. Abedon, ST. Supplemental lecture. Nov. 21, 1998. www.phage.org
"Fluid Waste Removal: Are You Ready for the Challenge?" by
Stanley R Shelver, RN, MHA, page 22.
1. OSHA regulations, 29 CFR Part 1910.1030. Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. 1991.
2. Memorandum of understanding between the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the American Hospital Association. June 24, 1998.
3. Survey of Infectious Fluid Disposal Practices. Dornoch Medical Systems, Inc. April 2000.
"Nooks and Crannies: The Breeding Grounds for Bacteria; Infection
Control Professionals Urge Manufacturers to Redesign Medical Devices With IC
Practices in Mind," by Kelly M. Pyrek, page 32.
1. Weber DJ, Rutala WA, SiMarino AJ. The prevention of infection following gastrointestinal endoscopy: the importance of prophylaxis and reprocessing.
2. Martin T, Pozniak A. Contamination Controversy: Are endoscopes being disinfected properly? Abcnews.com.
4. Sharbaugh RJ. Cleaning Reusable equipment in the ICU. Crit Care Nurs Q. 2001:24(2):48-54.
5. Spach DH, Silverstein FE, Stamm WE. Transmisison of infection by gastrointestinal endoscopy. Ann Intern Med. 1993: 118:117-28.
6. Vesley D, Melson J, Stanley P. Microbial bioburden in endoscope reprocessing and in-use evaluation of disinfection capabilities of Cidex PA. Gastroenterol Nurs. 199:22(2):63-8.
7. Alfa T, Degagne P, Olson N. Worst-case soiling levels for patient-used flexible endoscopes before and after cleaning. Amer J Infect Control. 199:27(5):392-401.
8. Rutala WA, Gergen MF, Jones JF, et al. Levels of microbial contamination on surgical instruments. Amer J Infect Control. 1998:26(2):143-45.
9. Weber DJ, Rutala WA, SiMarino AJ. The prevention of infection following gastrointestinal endoscopy: the importance of prophylaxis and reprocessing.
11. Statement by Michael Friedman, MD, lead deputy commissioner, FDA Public Health Service, Department of Health and Human Services before the Subcommittee on Health and the Environment Committee on Commerce, U.S. House of Representatives. April 30, 1997. www.fda.gov/ola/1997/devices.htm.
13. Food and Drug Administration, Center for Devices and Radiological Health. Design Control Guidance for Medical Device Manufacturers. March 11, 1997. www.fda.gov/cdrh/comp/designgd.html.
"Infection Control in the ICU: The Final Frontier," by Kathy
Dix, page 40.
1. Study Group for the Control of Infection in NICUs. Infection Control in the NICU: Recommended standards by study group for the control of infection in NICUs. www.nnsoc-hk.org/lcstd.pdf. April 4, 2002.
"Nosocomial Infections: The Role of Infection Control During
Construction and Renovation of Health Care Facilities," by Patricia A.
Tydell, BSN, MSN, MPH, page 47.
1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Prevent antimicrobial resistance in healthcare settings. www.cdc.gov/drugresistance/healthcare/problem.htm
2. The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO). Comprehensive accreditation manual for hospitals. Update 4, November 2001.
3. Krasinski K, Holzman RS, Hanna B, Greco MA, Graff M, Bhogal M. Nosocomial fungal infection during hospital renovation. Infection Control. 1985 Jul;6 (7): 278-82.
4. Oren I, Haddad N, Finkelstein R, Rowe JM. Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis in neutropenic patients during hospital construction:before and after chemoprophylaxis and institution of HEPA filters. Am J Hematol. 2001 Apr;66 (4): 257-62.
5. Haley CE, Cohen ML, Halter J, Meyer RD. Nosocomial legionnaires' disease: a continuing common-source epidemic at Wadsworth Medical Center (abstract). Ann Inter Med. 1979;90:583-6.
6. Dondero TJ Jr., Rendtorff RC, Mallison GF, Weeks RM, Levy JS, Wong EW, et al. An outbreak of legionnaires' disease associated with a contaminated air-conditioning tooling tower. N Eng J Med. 302:365-70.
7. American Institute of Architects. Guidelines for design and construction of hospitals and healthcare facilities. 2001 edition. Washington, DC: The American Institute for Architects Press; 2001.
8. Bartley JM. APIC state-of-the-art report: The role of infection control during construction in health care facilities. Washington, DC: Association of Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. 2000.
9. Carter CD, Barr BA. Infection control issues in construction and renovation. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. April 1997 18(8):587-597.