As American travelers go to and return from Germany for the World Cup soccer championship games, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) advises travelers and doctors to be aware that some travelers may have been exposed to the measles virus.
The CDC recommends that:
-- Travelers who plan to go to
-- People returning from the World Cup in Germany should see a healthcare provider if they develop signs or symptoms of measles -- a fever and a raised rash that begins on the face and spreads to the arms and legs, cough, red eyes or a runny nose.
-- People with these symptoms should also limit their contact with others as much as possible to prevent the spread of the disease.
-- Clinicians seeing a patient with fever should ask about vaccination history and any recent international travel.
Measles is a highly contagious viral respiratory illness transmitted through coughing and sneezing. The disease can lead to inflammation of the brain, resulting in death in approximately 2 of every 1,000 cases in developed countries, and can be an especially severe disease in people who are malnourished or with weak immune systems. In the
Live virus measles vaccine given within 72 hours of exposure may prevent disease. Immune globulin given up to six days after exposure may prevent disease among people at high risk for complications of measles (such as pregnant women, people with weak immune systems, and children).