As Americans travel to
The outbreak has raised concern that Americans traveling to
CDC recommends that:
-- Travelers who plan to go to
-- Unvaccinated travelers should get vaccinated as early as possible before leaving for
-- Travelers returning from
-- Travelers with fever and other symptoms of measles should limit their contact with others as much as possible, to prevent the potential spread of the disease.
-- Clinicians seeing a patient with fever and other symptoms of measles should ask about vaccination history and any recent international travel.
Measles is a highly contagious respiratory illness spread by contact with an infected person, through coughing and sneezing. Measles virus can also remain active and contagious for up to two hours on infected surfaces. Symptoms include rash, high fever, cough, runny nose, and red, watery eyes. Some people with measles can also get an ear infection, diarrhea, serious lung infection, or, even more rarely, inflammation of the brain (encephalitis).
The disease can be especially severe in people who are malnourished or have a weak immune system. In the United States, most people born before 1957-or those who have had a documented case of measles, laboratory evidence of immunity, or received two doses of measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine or measles vaccine-are considered immune.
Vaccination even shortly before or after exposure may prevent disease or lessen the symptoms in people who are infected with measles. Immune globulin given up to six days after exposure may prevent disease among people at high risk for complications of measles (such as pregnant women, people with weak immune systems and children).
For more information about the measles outbreak in