Patients with severe viral infections are often hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs) and recent studies underline the frequency of viral detection in ICU patients. Viral infections in the ICU often involve the respiratory or the central nervous system and can cause significant morbidity and mortality especially in immunocompromised patients. The mainstay of therapy of viral infections is supportive care and antiviral therapy when available.
Increased understanding of the molecular mechanisms of viral infection has provided great potential for the discovery of new antiviral agents that target viral proteins or host proteins that regulate immunity and are involved in the viral life cycle. These novel treatments need to be further validated in animal and human randomized controlled studies. This research by Kelesidis, et al. (2014) was published in BMC Infectious Diseases.
Reference: Kelesidis T, Mastoris I, Metsini A and Tsiodras S. How to approach and treat viral infections in ICU patients. BMC Infectious Diseases 2014, 14:321