Infection Control Today

June 1, 2004

JUNE 2000

Control of Infections Related to Bloodborne Pathogens by Terri Goodman,RN, MA, PhD

Williams WW. CDC guideline for infection control in hospital personnel. InfectControl. 1983;4(suppl):326-49.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Recommendations for prevention ofHIV transmission in healthcare setting. MMWR. 1987;36(2S):1S-18S.

US Department of Labor-Occupational Safety and Health Administration.Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens: final rule. CFR part 1910.1030. FederalRegister. 1991;56:64004-182.

CDC-Hospital Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee. Guideline forinfection control in health care personnel. AJIC. 1998;26(3):289-354.

Kretzer EK, Larson EL. Behavioral interventions to improve infection controlpractices. AJIC. 1998;26(3):245-253.

Seto WH. Staff compliance with infection control practices; application ofbehavioral science. J Hosp Infect. 1995;30(suppl);107-115.

The Future of Ethylene Oxide Sterilization by Steve Conviser

Automatic, general purpose ethylene oxide sterilizers and ethylene oxidesterilant sources intended for use in health care facilities. Arlington,VA. Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation. 1993. ST24.4.1.6.

Good Hospital Practice: Ethylene oxide sterilization and sterility assurance.Arlington, VA. Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation.1992. ST 41.7.6.1

Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Ethylene oxide. 29 CFR1910.1047, as amended through April 6, 1988.

Alfa MJ, <I>et.al<$>. Comparison of ion plasma, vaporizedhydrogen peroxide, and 100 % ethylene oxide sterilizers to the 12/88 ethyleneoxide gas sterilizer. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1996;17:92-100.

Alfa MJ, et.al. Bacterial killing ability of 10% ethylene oxide plus90% hydrochlorofluorocarbon sterilizing gas. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol.1997;18:641-645.

The Facets of Steam Sterilization by Joy T. Kunjappu, PhD, DSc

1. Perkins JJ. Principles and Methods of Sterilization in Health Sciences.2nd ed. US: Charles C Thomas; 1969:327.

2. Kunjappu JT. Prions and sterilization. J Healthcare Safety, Compliance,Infect Control. 1999;3:325.

3. Goullet D. The effect of non-conventional transmissible agents (Prions) ondisinfection and sterilization processes. Central Sterilization.1999:7;305.

4. Kunjappu JT. Sterilization by Filtration, to appear in Medical Productsand Sales.

5. Proietti RM. The Role of Biological Monitors in a Sterility AssuranceProgram. 5th World Symposium on Central Service in Hospitals. 16-20 May1999, Orlando, Fla.

6. Bancroft R. Monitors for Sterilzation Processes - Chemical. 5th WorldSymposium on Central Service in Hospitals. 16-20 May 1999, Orlando, Fla.

7. Kunjappu JT. Thermochromism in ink chemistry. Ink World. March2000:72.

8. Association of peri-Operative Registered Nurses. Standards andRecommended Practices for Perioperative Nursing. AORN, Denver, 1998.

9. Association for the Advancement of Medical Instrumentation. GoodHospital Practice: Steam Sterilization and Sterility Assurance. (ANSI/AAMIST-46), AAMI, Arlington, VA, 1994.

10. Hancock CO. Parametric release - what is it. Infect ControlSterilization Technol. April 1999:32.

Performance Standards: Measuring the Effectiveness of Protective Clothingby Deborah Davis, MS, MBA

1. Guide to Nonwoven Medical Products, Prepared by the Medical/SurgicalTechnical Committee 1984, Association of the Nonwoven Fabrics Industry, NewYork.

2. Standard Test Method of Air Permeability of Nonwoven Fabrics, IST 70.1,INDA Standard Tests.

3. Standard Test Method for Penetration by Water (Spray Impact Test) ofNonwoven Fabrics, IST 80.3, INDA Standard Tests.

4. Standard Test Method for Repellency of Nonwoven Fabrics Using theHydrostatic Pressure Test, IST 80.4, INDA Standard Tests.

5. Standard Test Method for Saline Repellency of Nonwovens (Mason JarMethod), IST 80.5, INDA Standard Tests.

6. Standard Test Method for Alcohol Repellency of Nonwovens, IST 80.8, INDAStandard Tests.

7. Standard Test Method of Tear Resistance of Nonwoven Fabrics by FallingPendulum (Elmendorf) Apparatus, IST 100.1, INDA Standard Tests.

8. Standard Test Method for Breaking Load and Percent Elongation of NonwovenFabrics, IST 110.1, INDA Standard Tests.

9. AATCC 42-1994. Water Resistance: Impact Penetration Test.

10. AATCC 127-98. Water Resistance: Hydrostatic Pressure Test.

11. ASTM D412-98a. Standard Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber andThermoplastic Elastomers - Tension.

12. ASTM D624-98. Standard Test Method for Tear Strength of ConventionalVulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers.

13. ASTM D737-96. Test Method for Air Permeability of Textile Fabrics.

14. ASTM F739-99a. Standard Test Method for Resistance of Protective ClothingMaterials to Permeation by Liquids or Gases Under Conditions of ContinuousContact.

15. ASTM D774-97. Test Method for Bursting Strength of Paper.

16. ASTM E1671-97b. Standard Method for Resistance of Protective Clothing toPenetration by Bacteriophage Phi X 174.

17. ASTM D3577-99. Standard Specification for Rubber Surgical Gloves.

18. ASTM D3578-99. Standard Specification for Rubber Examination Gloves.

19. ASTM D5034-95. Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (GrabTest).

20. ASTM D5151-99 . Standard Test Method for Detection of Holes in MedicalGloves.

21. ASTM D5250-99. Standard Specification for Poly(vinyl chloride) Gloves forMedical Application.

22. ASTM D6319-99. Standard Specification for Nitrile Gloves for MedicalApplication.

23. AS/NZS 4179:1997 Australian/New Zealand Standard. Single-use sterilesurgical rubber gloves - Specification.

The Medical Waste Dilemma: Guidelines for On-site Equipment Selectionby Patricia A. Kimball, PhD

1. Hazardous Materials Regulations (HMR), 49 CFR Parts 171-180.

2. HMR 200; 62 Federal Register 1208; January 8, 1997, amended at 62 FederalRegister 49560, September 22, 1997.

3. 49 U.S.C. 5101 et seq.

4. Environmental Protection Agency; 40 CFR Part 60; 62 Federal Register48348, September 15, 1997.

5. Technical Assistance Manual: State Regulatory Oversight of Medical WasteTreatment Technologies; April 1994.