© 2023 MJH Life Sciences™ and Infection Control Today. All rights reserved.
VANCOUVER -- ID Biomedical announced today that a preliminary immune response analysis of the expanded Phase II adult safety study of its group A streptococcal vaccine, StreptAvax vaccine, has been completed. Consistent with earlier data from the first portion of the Phase II, as well as the Phase I trial, the vaccine induced high titers of antibodies to all 26 serotypes of group A streptococcus targeted by the vaccine. While extended safety follow-up is ongoing, the vaccine also appears to have been well-tolerated; with all volunteers having completed at least 194 days of observation since vaccine exposure. There have been no vaccine-related serious adverse events. No subject in the clinical trial has developed antibodies that cross-reacted with human tissues, one of the primary safety endpoints of the Phase II studies. Detailed safety comparisons with a comparator vaccine included in the trial (the hepatitis A vaccine) will be available later this year, after the formal unblinding of the investigator and clinical team.
The final Phase II data, along with the safety database from prior clinical trials, will be used by ID Biomedical to approach Health Canada and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for approval to begin clinical studies in pediatric populations. The company expects to begin the next phase of StreptAvax testing in Q1 2005.
A compilation of all of the human clinical trial data of StreptAvax vaccine shows that the unique, multivalent vaccine formulation induces high titers of M protein-specific antibodies against all of the component subunit proteins in the product. The current serologic data, unblinded by a third party uninvolved in the safety analysis, indicate that all 27 streptococcal antigens in the vaccine demonstrate a statistically-significant (p less than or equal to 0.05 by Mann-Whitney test) increase in post-immunization antibodies, detected by serotype-specific ELISA assay, in StreptAvax recipients when contrasted with recipients of the comparator vaccine. StreptAvax recipients responded to a median of 24 of 27 streptococcal antigens (89 percent) administered in the vaccine; indistinguishable from the result reported for the Phase I trial. The opsonic, or bactericidal, activity for the last cohort of the Phase II study has not be examined to date, but the vaccine-induced antibody increases detected by ELISA in this cohort are consistent with previous studies of StreptAvax that correlated vaccine-induced antibodies with bactericidal or killing activity of the vaccine. Thus far, the bactericidal activity of vaccine-induced antibodies against each serotype in StreptAvax appears similar to, or greater than, an M-protein based group A streptococcal vaccine that was tested in the 1970s and shown to protect humans against subsequent challenge with live group A streptococcus.
"This is extremely important data," stated Anthony Holler, M.D., CEO of ID Biomedical. "The critical roadblock to group A streptococcal vaccine development has been to design a vaccine that is not only safe, but also deals with the complexity of the epidemiology of this disease. The exciting potential of the StreptAvax vaccine is that we have shown in the clinic that we have a potentially safe vaccine, as well as a multivalent recombinant protein vaccine that can deliver a broad immune response to all of the serotypes covered in the vaccine. The fact that this immune response has been shown to correlate with bactericidal killing, and that bactericidal killing has been shown to be associated with protection, gives us great confidence to go forward."
The StreptAvax vaccine is composed of 26 M protein fragments that were genetically engineered into complex 'fusion proteins' that allow the vaccine to target 26 serotypes of group A streptococci with a simple mixture of four proteins. The vaccine types were selected from epidemiologically important serotypes of group A streptococci. Recent U.S. and Canadian epidemiological studies, funded by ID Biomedical and the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), suggest that a vaccine containing antigens of the 26 M-serotypes in StreptAvax could provide broad coverage against rheumatic fever, "flesh eating" disease and "strep throat" or pharyngitis. Very similar data have recently been published from Mexican sites, and the NIH is expanding epidemiological studies to cover important regions outside of North America. In addition, the vaccine contains a 27th protein fragment representing an M-like protein called Spa. Spa, which is expressed by a number of group A streptococcal serotypes, has proven to be quite immunogenic (97 percent of vaccinees respond with Spa antibodies) and thus may add an element of supplementary protection across multiple serotypes.
ID Biomedical also announced that it and Dr. James Dale of the University of Tennessee in Memphis, recently received an issued patent from the United States Patent and Trademark Office. This new patent relates to a broad patent application filed to cover the method of complex recombinant vaccine formulation for group A streptococcal vaccines. These clinical results validate the core technology's strength towards addressing this complex disease target.
Source: ID Biomedical