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"Best Practices for the Cleaning and Disinfection of SurgicalInstruments," by Ruth A. Le Texier, BSN, RN, page 14
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"Time Vs. Event: Preserving Sterile Package Integrity," by KellyM. Pyrek, page 16.
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5. AORN 2002 Standards, Recommended Practices, and Guidelines. P. 290.
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"Flash Sterilization: A Questionable Practice Requires ProperUsage," by Michelle Gardner, page 20
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"Fighting Surgical Site Infections," by Bonnie M. Barnard, MPH,CIC, page 26
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3. Centers for Disease Control National Nosocomial Infections SurveillanceSystem.
4. No author. Antimicrobial prophylaxis in surgery. Med Letter. DrugsTher October 29, 2001;(1116):92-97.
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6. Harbath S. Circulation. 2000; 101:2916-21.
7. Latham R, Lancaster AD, Covington JF, Pirolo JS, Thomas CS Jr. Theassociation of diabetes and glucose control with surgical site infections amongcardiothoracic surgery patients. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol.2001;1:22:607-612.
8. Furnary AP, Zerr KJ, Grunkemeier GL, and Starr A. Continuous intravenousinsulin infusion reduces the incidence of deep sternal wound infection indiabetic patients after cardiac surgical procedures. Ann Thorac Surg.1999 67:352-360.
9. Greif R, Akca O, Horn EP, Kruz A, Sessler DI. Supplemental perioperativeoxygen to reduce the incidence of wound infection. NEJM.2000;342(3):161-7.
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9. McConkey SJ, L'Ecuyer PB, Murphy DM, Leet TL, Sundt TM, Fraser VJ. Resultsof a comprehensive infection control program for reducing surgical-siteinfections in coronary artery bypass surgery. Infec Control Hosp Epidemiol.1999;20(8):238-247.
10. Richards C, Emori TG, Peavy G, Gayes R. Promoting quality throughmeasurement of performance and response: prevention success stories. EmergingInfectious Diseases. 2001;7(2):299-301.
"Emerging and Re-Emerging Infectious Diseases: An Update," byMichelle Gardner, page 34.
1. Lemonick MD. How to keep the doctor away. www.time.com, Jan. 21, 2002 -Jan. 27, 2002. Time.
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"Managing Infection During Handwashing with a Newly PatentedActivated Triclosan Technology," by Thomas L. Kovach, page 38
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3. Test data on file at Hill Top Research Inc. Cincinnati, Ohio. (Study#01-109083-11) (2001) following current revision of ASTM E-1174-00, StandardTest Method for Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Healthcare Personnel orConsumer Handwash Formulations. The study protocol is filed with documentcontrol under file number TM&R-0288-01-MRB.
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9. Eckert DG, Ehrenkranz NJ, Alfonso BC. Indications for alcohol or blandsoap in removal of aerobic gram negative bacteria: by a novel method. InfectCont and Hosp Epidem. 1989; 10:306-11.
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16. Webster J. Handwashing in neonatal intensive care nursery: productacceptability and effectiveness of 4 percent chlorhexidine and triclosan 1percent. Journal of Hospital Infect. 1992; 21:237-41.
17.Larson EL. APIC guideline for handwashing and hand antisepsis in healthcare settings. American Journal of Infection Control (APIC). 1995. 23:251-269
Best Practices: TB Prevention and Control in Special Populations, by PatTydell, RN. MSN, MPH, page 50
1. US Department of Health and Human Services. (CDC) MMWR.Tuberculosis elimination revisited: obstacles, opportunities, and a renewedcommitment. Advisory Council for the Elimination of Tuberculosis (ACET). Aug.13, 1999. Vol. 48. No. RR-9.
2. National Academies Office of News and Public Information. Tuberculosis:will a global problem become a national threat. www.4.nas.edu/onpi.
3. US Department of Health and Human Services. (CDC) MMWR.Recommendations for prevention and control of tuberculosis among foreign-bornpersons. Sept. 18, 1998. Vol. 47. No. RR-14.
4. US Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service.Statistical yearbook of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, 1996.Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.
5. US Census Bureau. The foreign-born population: 1996; P20-494 and PPL-59 (www.census.gov).Washington, D.C.: U.S. Census Bureau, 1998.
6. US Department of Health and Human Services. (CDC) MMWR. Guidelinesfor preventing the transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in healthcarefacilities. Oct. 28, 1994. Vol. 43 No. RR-13.
7. Moore M., et al. Trends in drug-resistant tuberculosis in the UnitedStates, 1993-1996. JAMA. 1997; 278:833-
8. US Department of Health and Human Services. (CDC) MMWR. Preventionand control of tuberculosis in facilities providing long-term care to theelderly-recommendations of the advisory committee for elimination oftuberculosis. July 13, 1990 Vol. 39. No. RR-10.
9. US Department of Health and Human Services. (CDC) MMWR. Essentialcomponents of tuberculosis prevention and control program-screening fortuberculosis and tuberculosis infection in high-risk populations. Sept. 8, 1995.Vol. 44 No. RR-11.
10. US Department of Health and Human Services. (CDC) MMWR. Preventionand control of tuberculosis in correctional facilities-recommendations of theadvisory council for the elimination of tuberculosis. June 7, 1996. Vol. 45 No.RR-8.