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ROSEMONT, Ill. -- When it comes to preventing the transmission of infectious diseases such as hepatitis C and AIDS, simple changes can go a long way. That thinking is reflected in the Centers for Disease Control (CDC)'s Guidelines for Infection Control in Dental Health-Care Settings, 2003, according to a member of the advisory group to the CDC that helped draft the guidelines.
Rubbing well-scrubbed hands with alcohol before surgery and using self-sheathing syringes to inject local anesthetics and guard against needle sticks are two key examples of how oral and maxillofacial surgeons and other dental professionals are using the recently revised guidelines and current research findings to make their clean, safe offices a notch or two cleaner and safer,
says Evelyn J. Cuny, RDA, MS, who will speak at the 86th annual meeting of the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons in San Francisco on Septe. 30, 2004.
"As technology and materials evolve, we are replacing practices that were
already good with practices that are even better," says Cuny, who is an
assistant professor of pathology and medicine and director of health and
safety at the University of the Pacific School of Dentistry in San Francisco.
"We don't use the same home cleaning products today that we used 20 years
ago," she continues, "they've been improved. The same holds true for
infection control in dental settings. Sometimes we find out the things we're
doing aren't necessary and that we should focus our efforts elsewhere.
Research isn't stagnant. We're always testing theories."
The CDC guidelines reflect the latest research and add a slight extra
margin of security, Cuny says. "It's just that much more certain that the
patient is not going to be put at any risk."
Cuny notes that patients already have an extremely low risk of
contracting an infection from a dental worker. "It's much more likely for a
worker to become infected by treating a patient," she says, although that risk
is quite low as well. As a result, the guidelines are designed as much to
protect dental workers as they are to protect their patients.
As with the first CDC infection control guidelines issued in 1993, the
revised guidelines emphasize uniform precautions for every patient. Cuny
notes that dentists have traditionally had very good infection control
practices and have been diligent about office safety. The same holds true for
OMSs, who often spend part of their time in sterile hospital operating rooms,
where infection control practices are more rigorous than office-based
settings. "OMSs bring that OR experience to their offices, especially when
they're doing more complex procedures," she says.
OMSs and other dental professionals will soon have access to a CDC
document that consolidates guidelines from other healthcare settings with
potential relevance to their practices, Cuny reports.
"The idea was to look at all of the guidelines out there and consolidate
into one document the most recent information available on the practices that
seem prudent and the science behind them," she says.
The American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeon, the
professional organization representing more than 7,000 oral and maxillofacial
surgeons in the United States, supports its members' ability to practice their
specialty through education, research, and advocacy. AAOMS members comply with
rigorous continuing education requirements and submit to periodic office
examinations, ensuring the public that all office procedures and personnel
meet stringent national standards.
Source: American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons