Study Finds Genetic Variation That Could Help Predict Mortality in Patients Suffering Sepsis

Article

A study in the January 2013 issue of Anesthesiology offers evidence that variations in what is called the NFKB gene could play an important role in helping to determine the survival rate of patients who acquire sepsis, a condition in which the body is overwhelmed by infection, and which is the leading cause of death in hospitals.

Wide variability exists regarding the outcome of patients with severe sepsis, and some of the variability regarding the risk of dying could be caused by genetic variations, says lead study author Michael Adamzik, MD, associate professor in the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine at the University Duisberg-Essen in Essen, Germany. Our study unravels the molecular mechanism by which a common genetic variation in the regulation region of the NFKB gene may amplify and perpetuate inflammation and infection due to sepsis.

Using blood from human subjects, Adamzik and his research team found that patients with a specific genetic variation (58 percent of the study group) showed, after infection, a two-fold increase of a subunit protein called NFKB-1 and more inflammation compared to patients with other genotypes.

The NFKB genetic pathway is believed to be responsible for amplifying inflammation that takes place in sepsis. Adamziks study seems to indicate that the protein NFKB-1, specifically, could affect the key mechanism of sepsis and possibly influence patient survival rates.

This genetic variation turned out to represent both an important and independent predictor of mortality in our patients, says Simon Schäfer, MD, research assistant in the Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, University Duisberg-Essen. Patients with one genetic variant were associated with an almost two-fold greater risk for death during sepsis. Our study showed for the first time that this genetic variation markedly increases inflammation and influences the risk of dying from sepsis.

Adamzik says that future studies should work to unravel whether anti-inflammatory sepsis treatment should be adjusted in patients according to their genotype.

Source: American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA)

Related Videos
Baby visiting a pediatric facility  (Adobe Stock 448959249 by Rawpixel.com)
Antimicrobial Resistance (Adobe Stock unknown)
Anne Meneghetti, MD, speaking with Infection Control Today
Patient Safety: Infection Control Today's Trending Topic for March
Infection Control Today® (ICT®) talks with John Kimsey, vice president of processing optimization and customer success for Steris.
Picture at AORN’s International Surgical Conference & Expo 2024
Infection Control Today and Contagion are collaborating for Rare Disease Month.
Rare Disease Month: An Infection Control Today® and Contagion® collaboration.
Vaccine conspiracy theory vector illustration word cloud  (Adobe Stock 460719898 by Colored Lights)
Related Content