Six Respirator Manufacturers Warn President Bush of Imminent Shortage of Masks Necessary for Avian Flu Pandemic Response


WASHINGTON, D.C. -- The leaders of six respirator manufacturers representing approximately half the respirator production capacity of the United States urged President Bush in a letter delivered today to the White House to back federal legislation ensuring the supply and availability of disposable respirator masks (N-95 respirators) for healthcare workers and other first responders. The letter from the industry echoes a letter sent to the Administration in May by a bipartisan group of 86 members of Congress calling for the National Strategy for Pandemic Flu Influenza to stockpile N-95 respirator masks instead of surgical masks.

"Unfettered liability costs will dramatically affect our nation's ability to respond to an avian flu pandemic," wrote the respirator company executives. "Costs of defending litigation, aside from settlements or verdicts, amount to hundreds of millions of dollars. In fact, currently, 90 to 94 percent of profits are being consumed to maintain litigation efforts.

"Disposable respirators are inexpensive, so there is no practical way to add unfair liability costs to the price of our products," the letter continues. "Thus, we are compelled to withhold further investment in production capacity, exit the marketplace or manufacture abroad for foreign buyers where no litigation crisis exists. This is not in the public interest. Respirator manufacturers are not, and have never been, part of the problem underlying end-user illnesses, but we can be part of the solution to minimize the spread of avian flu in the U.S. if a pandemic occurs."

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) tightly regulates the respirator industry by setting strict design standards, conducting tests to ensure they are met, and approving each and every respirator model as well as the warning labels that accompany the product. However, relying on asbestos-style litigation tactics, trial lawyers have deluged the industry with lawsuits claiming defective design or failure to warn users -- despite the fact that manufacturers cannot affect how or when the respirators are used.

"Without legislation, the ability for American manufacturers to address emergency preparedness or have surge production capacity is and will be severely constrained," wrote the company heads. "Already, one major manufacturer has announced that it will no longer produce N-95 respirators for the industrial market. Another is seriously considering withdrawing from the market, and it has become difficult to convince shareholders to invest in new capacity in the United States."

France has begun stockpiling 685 million N-95 respirator masks just for first responders, while the U.S. government to date has had one request for proposals for 50 million masks. The recent experience with SARS showed that countries will embargo exports of respirator masks in the case of a global pandemic and the U.S. will need its domestic sources for these masks.

The Coalition urged President Bush to support bi-partisan legislation introduced by Senators John Cornyn (R-TX) and Ben Nelson (D-NE) in the Senate (S. 1406) and Representatives Bud Shuster (R-PA) and Tim Holden (D-PA) in the House (H.R. 2357) that would preempt lawsuits claiming defective design or insufficient warning if a respirator is NIOSH-approved.

The six manufacturers who sent the letter include members of the Coalition for Breathing Safety: Aearo, Bacou-Dalloz, Inovel, Moldex, MSA and North Safety. The Coalition for Breathing Safety was formed in 2004 to ensure that millions of emergency responders, workers and citizens across the globe continue to have access to respiratory safety products.

Source: Coalition for Breathing Safety

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